"Exploring Synchronicity" led by Dr. Linda Odom

Sunday, September 8th
2:30 - 4:30 pm
*Glendale United Methodist Church
900 Glendale Lane
Nashville, TN 37204

*Please note the change from our usual location!

“Whether called fate, synchronicity, or the hand of God, slender threads are at work bringing coherence and continuity to our lives.” Jerry Ruhl

What is fate, and how has it affected your life? Please join us on Sunday, September 8th for a discussion of Jung’s concept of synchronicity, in preparation for Jerry Ruhl’s workshop in November on this topic.

Dr. Linda Odom will lead us in exploring synchronicity, which she defines as a meaningful intersection of inner and outer events. This will not be an intellectual discussion but rather a time to share meaningful experiences that reveal the underlying order in our universe. Participation is optional, of course, so please come either to discuss your experiences of synchronicity or simply to hear what others have to say about these “meaningful coincidences.”

Linda Odom is a clinical psychologist in private practice and a founding board member of the Nashville Jung Circle. She is a longtime student of Carl Jung and has a passion for working with dreams and for sharing these life-enriching perspectives with others.

Nashville Jung Circle Newsletter - Summer 2019


We hope you are enjoying the beginnings of the summer season. In summer the Nashville Jung Circle takes a break from regular monthly programs, but there are events and dates highlighted in the newsletter below:

1) "Luminous Women Weekend "with Chelsea Wakefield - sign up deadline July 5th
2) Jerry Ruhl - Save the dates: Friday, November 8th and Saturday, November 9th
3) Legacy Fund Established by Donna Scott
4) Jungian Podcasts

Luminous Woman Weekend with Chelsea Wakefield, PhD

7:00 pm, Friday, Sept. 13 through 4:00 pm, Sunday, Sept. 15, 2019
Register by July 5th!
Join Chelsea Wakefield, PhD, LCSW in a circle of women to travel the realm of the Luminous Woman and other important archetypes of the Feminine.
* Learn about the many archetypeswho sit at your “Inner Round Table”.
* Expand your range of archetypal energies.
* Experience living as a more present, joyfully embodied woman.
* Expand your capacity for relationship and true intimacy.
* Develop the confidence and integrity that shine from the eyes of woman who have faced, named, and learned to work with the energies of the dark feminine.
* Learn to trust the mystery of Life’s unfolding.
Location: Dubose Conference Center, 635 College Street, Monteagle, TN 37356 www.duboseconferencecenter.org
Cost: includes two nights lodging with hall bath, meals and the program.
Private room: $ 350 Shared room: $ 300

Full cost must be paid by July 5, 2019
Limited to 25 participants

Make payment to and mail to:
Gretchen Watts,
110 30th Ave. North,
Suite # 1, Nashville, TN 37203
Please pay by check or credit card.

For questions/information contact:
Gretchen Watts 615-298-1661 / Gayle Prillaman 615-500-560

Dreamwork with Laura Hileman

Summer Programs

"Out of the Lunchbox”
Lecture Series by Laura Huff Hileman
at Main Library

12:00 -1:00.
"Dreams as Poems, Stories, and Myths"

Dreamwork Book Club at Main Library
We continue our reading of Dream Theatres of the Soul by Jean Benedict Raffa. Join us 1st and 3rd Fridays at noon in the 3rd floor Commons Room.

Hadley Park Branch LIbrary
Come explore the free community dreamwork meeting 2nd and 4th Tuesdays from 12-1:30. New Intro to Dreamwork Classes return in August. These 90-minute workshops will come to a branch library near you this fall!

New Community Dream Groups will begin in late September. To register, contact: Laura Huff Hileman, M.A., M.S. Certified Dream Mentor & Spiritual Director
Fire by Night Dreamwork

Save the Dates!
November 8th and 9th, 2019
Jerry Ruhl

Jerry M. Ruhl is a psychologist, teacher, and author. In the first half of life, Jerry was a journalist, and he managed communications for two major corporations. At mid-life he realized he had climbed up the corporate ladder but it was leaning against the wrong wall. He began studying the works of Joseph Campbell and Carl Jung and observed first-hand spiritual practices in Japan, Bali, Thailand, Nepal, and India.During his time at Pacifica Graduate Institute, where he earned his Ph.D., Dr. Ruhl developed a holistic model for coping with life-changing accidents and illness. While living in Colorado, he formerly was a trustee of the C.G. Jung Society of Colorado, and more recently he served for more than six years as Executive Director of The Jung Center of Houston. A psychologist in private practice in Boulder, Colorado, Dr. Ruhl conducts dream groups and presents seminars and workshops across the nation.
Jerry Ruhl, Ph.D

New Legacy Fund Created
by Donna Scott

Founding board member Donna Scott has created a fund to ensure long-term continuation of the Nashville Jung Circle and its mission to provide educational opportunities in Nashville based on the work of C.G. Jung. For details, read her words below. You may join her in this effort by going to the website, http://www.nashvillejungcircle.org/donations.

"For those of you who have found the Jung Circle and its offerings supportive and inspiring, here is a way to give extra funds to ensure a secure financial future for this organization. Some of us who were initially part of the former Jung Club of Tennessee and now want to see this new Jung group thrive have contributed beyond our dues into a special fund for long-term investment, not to be used for operating expenses. Please join us in supporting the Legacy Fund by contributing $100 this year toward this endowment.

I am happy contribute in honor of my Centerpoint group at St. David's EC, and especially to honor Sara Taylor, who would have been excited to support this new Jungian group in Nashville. Blessings on this group for the bright future"!

Donna Scott, Ed.S., M.Div., D.Min.
Jungian Podcasts There are several podcasts that feature discussions or interviews
by Jungian analysts. Two of the best are:
This Jungian Life
Hosted by analysts Joseph Lee, Lisa Marchiano, and Deborah Stewart, this podcast has weekly discussions on topics like active imagination, anxiety, fairy tales, and dreams.

Speaking of Jung: Interviews with Jungian Analysts
http://: https://speakingofjung.com/podcast
Created by Laura London, there are over 35 interviews that explore the life and work of C.G. Jung with various Jungian analysts.

Nashville Jung Circle Winter 2019 Newsletter

As the new year begins the Nashville Jung Circle is pleased to continue offering opportunities for education and community related to the teachings of Carl Jung.  In addition to hosting live events in Nashville, we will continue to keep our community informed about online learning opportunities and live events hosted by other Jungian groups around the southeast. 

We hope you will join with us, as a member and/or as a participant at our monthly events, to help make 2019 another year of growth
for the Nashville Jung Circle! 


  1. Upcoming Events  -  Winter/Spring,  2019

  2. 2019 Membership - Joining and Renewing

  3. Online Learning Opportunities - Depth Psychology Alliance

  4. Board Member Spotlight:  Michael Whitney

Winter/Spring 2019

Sunday, January 13th -Sheri Kling, PhD, speaker
Sunday, January 27th - Map of the Soul book discussion, part 2
Sunday, February 10th - Aphrodite, by Chelsea Wakefield, book discussion
Sunday, March 10th - Negotiating the Inner Peace Treaty by Chelsea Wakefield, book discussion              

all Sunday events to be held 2:30-4:30 pm at the Green Hills Library
3701 Benham Avenue, Nashville, TN 37215

see details below 

2:30 - 4:30 pm

" Imaginal: Dying and Rising in Story and Song"
Sheri D. Kling, PhD

From the stories of Jonah in the belly of the whale or Persephone in the Underworld to Star Wars, The Matrix and Lord of the Rings, the journey to individuation and wholeness always includes a stop in wilderness places we'd rather not visit. But sometimes we don’t have a choice. And whether it's divorce, illness, or any of life's darkest challenges, sometimes the events in our lives place us firmly on that path through the dark woods.

This music-driven presentation uses the ancient Sumerian wisdom story of the Descent of Inanna as the backdrop for a personal journey through the wilderness. Drawing on Jungian wisdom woven with uplifting music and personal experience, Kling shows us that the story never ends in the darkness. And just like the caterpillar, if we are willing to see the process through the murky “soup” of those “imaginal cells,” we will emerge as a beautiful butterfly, reborn into new life.

Sheri D. Kling is a theologian who serves as Associate Dean of the School of Theology and Executive Director of the Beecken Center of the University of the South, as well as a faculty member of the Haden Institute, a visiting lecturer with Palacky University (Czech Republic), and a singer, songwriter, guitarist and essayist.  Her website is  http://www.sherikling.com. 

2:30 - 4:30 pm
Map of the Soul  book discussion, part 2

led by Dan Tyler

This book discussion will cover the important final four chapters in Map of the Soul, a classic book on Jung's body of work by the renowned Jungian analyst, writer, and teacher Murray Stein.

Please join us as we discuss “The Way to the Deep Interior” (Anima and Animus, chapter 6); “The Psyche’s Transcendent Center and Wholeness" (The Self, chapter 7); “Emergence of the  Self”(Individuation, chapter 8); and “Of Time and Eternity” (Synchronicity, chapter 9).   Dan Tyler, who has been a student of Jungian psychology for over twenty years, will lead the discussion and offered the following about the importance of this book: 

The body of intellectual work Carl Jung produced is as daunting in scope and scale as it is important in its impact and influence. Eighteen volumes of the Collected Works, in addition to his autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections, are evidence of his prolific output, almost without equal in the annals of scholarship.

To explore and understand this vast expanse of material, we need a guide – someone who has gone before us and done the hard work of analyzing and synthesizing Jung’s challenging theories. Dr. Murray Stein, a prominent Jungian analyst and movement leader, has provided us such a service with his classic book Jung’s Map Of The Soul. Published in 1998, the book is now in its twelfth printing and has established itself as a favorite resource among students of Jung.

We hope you will join us on Sunday, January 27th!

Chelsea Wakefield Book Discussions :
Sunday, February 10th - In Search of Aphrodite
 Sunday,  March 10th - Negotiating the Inner Peace Treaty

These two Sunday afternoon book discussions (see details above) will familiarize our Nashville Jung Circle participants with Dr. Chelsea Wakefield's work, in preparation for her visit to the Nashville Jung Circle in April.  Feel free to come whether or not you have read the books, to learn more about this woman and her topics of interest.

The books can be ordered through amazon.


Friday, April 5th, 2019 evening lecture:
"Individuation in the Context of Relationship"

Saturday, April 6, 2019 half-day workshop:
"Negotiating the Inner Peace Treaty"

Blakemore United Methodist Church, Nashville, TN

details on both events and registration will be announced in February

2019 Membership & Renewals

The Nashville Jung Circle continues to grow its community and activities, and membership dues are the main source of financial support for this volunteer-led organization. Memberships run through the calendar year and must be renewed by paying annual dues to keep your membership active.

Joining as a member or renewing your membership for 2019 will help us continue to offer free monthly events as well as bring in nationally-known speakers. Other membership benefits include:

  • discounts on paid events

  • invitations to twice-yearly members’ only social gatherings

2019 Membership dues are:

-$35 regular member

-$20 student member

Memberships can be paid via PayPal or credit card on our website. If you prefer to pay by check, please mail your contact information (name, address, phone, email address) and check to:

Nashville Jung Circle

c/o Dr. Florene Johns

413 East Iris Drive

Nashville, TN 37204

Donations are much appreciated and are tax deductible. To make a donation, click on the “Donations” link in our menu above.

Thank you for your support!


A number of online classes are offered through the online organization Depth Psychology Alliance on various aspects of Jungian psychology, as well as other topics related to depth psychology.  Offerings include Introduction to Depth Psychology, Jung and Dreams, Applied Jungian Psychology, Jung and Alchemy, and Using Jung’s Typology to Navigate the Individuation Journey.  All of these courses offer a free introductory class.

Most classes are taught by James Newell, Ph.D, who is an educator, counselor, personal coach, professional musician, and the director of the Depth Psychology Alliance. James earned his master’s degree in Pastoral Counseling and Theology from Vanderbilt University Divinity School, with a focus on Jungian psychology. He earned his doctorate in History of Religions from the Vanderbilt University Graduate School of Religion. James teaches online courses in world religions for Central Michigan University, Excelsior College, Thomas Edison State University, and other schools. For the past several years he has been developing a certification program in depth psychology offered through the Depth Psychology Alliance.

For more information on these courses, as well as discussion groups, blogs, and articles, visit the website at:




Michael Whitney is a founding board member of the Nashville Jung Circle, serving since the group’s inception in 2015 and currently acting as treasurer.  In his youth Michael was a classical guitar artist and teacher, recipient of the AFI Independent Filmmakers Grant and for sixteen years he has worked as a financial advisor.  He and his family moved to Nashville in the mid 1990’s, where he advises clients about retirement planning.   In addition to the Nashville Jung Circle, Michael is active as a founder of and adviser for Intersection Music, Circle of Friends, Family of Abraham, and the Faith and Culture Center’s A Seat at the Table (ASATT) program.   He has been a student of Jungian psychology since the early 1970’s. 

I grew up in Southern California along the Pacific Ocean and always felt that in Los Angeles we were at the furthest point West looking east toward to the Eastern cultures and wisdom traditions. As a child I was surrounded by these influences - familiar names within the Whitney family at that time included Paramahansa Yogananda, Swami Satchidananda, as well as family heroes Albert Schweitzer and Carl Jung. My uncle, filmmaker James Whitney, considered travelling to India to study with Sri Ramana Maharshi. Jiddu Krisnamurti was an annual speaker in Ojai and at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium, near my home.  In addition, I was intrigued also by Chinese martial arts and Zen Buddhism and the writings of D.T. Suzuki and Alan Watts. From these childhood experiences I gained exposure to a wide range of eastern religions and cultures.

Through my brother, Mark Whitney, I became involved in a project of the Los Angeles Jung Institute to create a film archive of Jung and his colleagues. Mark was working in the studio of the painter Sam Francis, who was active in the local Jungian community in Los Angeles and very close to both Hilda and James Kirsch, founders of the Los Angeles Jung Institute.  Through these contacts, Sam became involved at the beginning of the Jung documentary project and requested that Mark Whitney, who had been filming Sam painting, be the cameraman for the archive.  Mark then asked me to join the project doing the sound recording.

The Jung Film Project covered early 1970s through the mid 1980s. We produced forty hours of documentary film of all of the then-living Jungian analysts, friends and neighbors of Jung.  At the completion of the Jung Institute Film Project, we embarked on creating the Jung documentary “Matter of Heart “ from four to five distinct content threads in our archive footage.  I took over the role of producing the feature length documentary, my brother Mark was the director and film editor and George Wagner the executive producer. Suzanne Wagner and Sam Francis were the content consultants. “Matter of Heart” premiered at New York City’s Lincoln Center Alice Tully Hall in 1985 and has continued to have wide circulation over the years.  A showing of the film was the first event, in 1987, of the Nashville Jung Society, which is the forerunner of the Nashville Jung Circle.

Mark and I had a remarkable experience with Dieter Bauman, Jung’s grandson. We had breakfast together sitting outside Jung’s tower at Bollingen, Switzerland.  After breakfast we went inside the tower and as we climbed up and got into the main circular room, it was not a surprise to see mandala paintings that Jung himself had done on the interior walls of the tower were very similar to the images that my Uncle Jim have used his film “Yantra.”

A central influence for me from my contact with Jung’s thinking has been the notion that we all start with an individual responsibility to understand our own behavior.  Jung states: “The great events of world history are, at bottom, profoundly unimportant.  In the last analysis, the essential thing is the life of the individual.”

In my Nashville community activities, I always feel informed with that recognition, be it with the Nashville Jung Circle, Intersection Music, Circle of Friends, Family of Abraham or A Seat at the Table (ASATT).  Getting together and sharing a meal at ASATT all point toward the validity being together and appreciating that our commonalities far out way our differences.

Michael Whitney

Autumn 2018 Newsletter

We hope you are enjoying the change in seasons that has brought crisp, cool weather and a new season of Nashville Jung Circle activities! 


  1. Book discussion of Jung's Map of the Soul, Sunday, November 18th

  2. "The Complexity of Complexes," Sunday, December 2nd

  3. "Imaginal: Dying and Rising in Story and Song," Sunday, January 13th

  4. Community Dream Groups

  5. Board member spotlight: Laura Huff Hileman

All events at the Green Hills Library are free and open to the public.


by Murray Stein
led by Dan Tyler
2:30 - 4:30 pm
Green Hills Library
3701 Benham Avenue, Nashville, TN 37215

The body of intellectual work Carl Jung produced is as daunting in scope and scale as it is important in its impact and influence. Eighteen volumes of the Collected Works, in addition to his autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections, are evidence of his prolific output, almost without equal in the annals of scholarship.

To explore and understand this vast expanse of material, we need a guide – someone who has gone before us and done the hard work of analyzing and synthesizing Jung’s challenging theories. Dr. Murray Stein, a prominent Jungian analyst and movement leader, has provided us such a service with his classic book Jung’s Map Of The Soul. Published in 1998, the book is now in its twelfth printing and has established itself as a favorite resource among students of Jung.

No matter the degree of your familiarity with Jungian thought, I believe reading (or re-reading, as the case may be) this book will prove time well spent. I think it is essential for our growing community to be grounded in the basics of analytical psychology (Jung’s term for his system) and that’s why I have offered to lead a discussion of this invaluable book.

Please consider obtaining and reading Dr. Stein’s book and then join us for our discussion on Sunday afternoon, November 18 at 2:30 at the Green Hills Public Library in Nashville. It will be fun, and I hope, informative.

Thank you!
Dan Tyler

To purchase the book online click here.

"The Complexity of Complexes”
presented by Karen Harper, LCSW
Sunday, December 2nd
2:30 - 4:30 pm
Green Hills Library
3701 Benham Avenue, Nashville, TN 37215

According to Murray Stein, if the psyche is imagined as a three dimensional object like the solar system, then ego-consciousness is the earth, the space surrounding it is the unconscious, and the satellites and meteorites, which are the first objects encountered as we venture into space, are the complexes.

Jung's most important early contribution to a psychology of the unconscious was his theory of complexes, which grew out of his work with the word association test. Jung discovered that certain words stimulated emotional reactions, or disturbances, from the contents of our unconscious minds;  he called these "disturbances of consciousness" complexes.  When a complex is activated, a person reacts emotionally, anywhere from slightly to "losing it."  A more common way we say this is that someone "pushes my buttons," with the buttons being a metaphor for complexes.  When a "button" gets pushed, we can feel as if in the grip of something that takes over our normal will and personality.

Jung said complexes are the "royal road to the unconscious."  Please join us as Karen Harper, a Nashville Jung Circle board member who is finishing her doctorate in Jungian Studies at the Pacifica Institute, discusses Jung's theory of complexes, including the nature and origins of complexes, their benefits to Self-growth, types of individual and cultural complexes, and ways to work with them.

Imaginal: Dying and Rising in Story and Song

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Sheri D. Kling, PhD
2:30 - 4:30 pm
Green Hills Library
3701 Benham Avenue, Nashville, TN 37215

From the stories of Jonah in the belly of the whale or Persephone in the Underworld to Star Wars, The Matrix and Lord of the Rings, the journey to individuation and wholeness always includes a stop in wilderness places we'd rather not visit. But sometimes we don’t have a choice. And whether it's divorce, illness, or any of life's darkest challenges, sometimes the events in our lives place us firmly on that path through the dark woods.

But what if that path is one we might welcome? Once we walk it, we learn that it's like the journey of the chrysalis as it makes its way from caterpillar to butterfly, which, surprisingly involves something called “imaginal” cells. As it nears its time for rebirth, the caterpillar first eats everything it can, until immobilized by its weight, and then it attaches itself to a tree branch. There, in complete stillness, its interior cells turn to a kind of “soup” made up of once-dormant cells called “imaginal cells.” These cells – like the seeds of our own new ideas – are first attacked by the caterpillar’s immune system, but then as their numbers increase, they begin to gather together and form the frequencies of the future butterfly.

This music-driven presentation uses the ancient Sumerian wisdom story of the Descent of Inanna as the backdrop for a personal journey through the wilderness. Drawing on Jungian wisdom woven with uplifting music and personal experience, Kling shows us that the story never ends in the darkness. And just like the caterpillar, if we are willing to see the process through the murky “soup” of those “imaginal cells,” we will emerge as a beautiful butterfly, reborn into new life.

In addition to being Associate Dean of the School of Theology and Executive Director of the Beecken Center of the University of the South, Sheri D. Kling is a theologian who works in the interdisciplinary space where worldviews, beliefs, and practices can create either dis-ease and suffering or psycho-spiritual wholeness and common flourishing. Drawing from process philosophy/theology, Jungian psychology, and mystical spirituality, Sheri focuses on communicating theological ideas and practices that positively impact humans’ relationships with God, self, and world, especially the use of dream work as a spiritual practice for divine encounter, personal integration, and widening our relationship to creation. She holds a PhD from Claremont School of Theology and earned a master of theological studies at the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago. She is a faculty member of the Haden Institute, a visiting lecturer with Palacky University (Czech Republic) in Social and Spiritual Determinants of Health, and a singer, songwriter, guitarist and essayist.  Her website is www.sherikling.com.

Community Dream Groups Begin

Whenever one of our speakers mentions dreams, we immediately hear requests for dream groups. So here it is – the Community Dream Group Initiative offered by Laura Huff Hileman in partnership with the Nashville Jung Circle and the Nashville Public Library.  The pilot groups are going well and we hope you’ll join us for upcoming events.

The first step to joining a dream group is to attend a free 90-minute Intro Workshop at a branch library.  (See below for currently scheduled workshops: more are coming each month.)  You will get the basics in Jungian dreamwork, plus image play, a mini-dream group experience, and a starter guide for personal dreamwork.  After the introductory session you may sign up to join a 6-session dream group facilitated by Laura. In circles of four to six people, you will explore dreams and integrate their wisdom into your life using the respectful method of projective dreamwork. Times and locations are based on request, and the plan is to offer groups in various Nashville neighborhoods.   The fee is $100 for the series with limited scholarships available.  New groups will begin in January, February, March, and April. 

Workshops: An Intro to Jungian Dreamwork

Wed, Nov.28 at Hadley Park Branch, 4:00-5:30
Sat., Dec 8 at East Branch, 11:00-12:30
Tues, Dec. 18 at Madison Branch, 6:00-7:30

Others to follow soon!

For more information contact Laura Huff Hileman at  lhhileman@yahoo.com
or visit her website, 
www.firebynight.net and click on the “Offerings” tab.


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" For me, personal and group dreamwork has been a profound source for spiritual growth, personal evolution, and healing.  I believe that the mystery at the heart of life – the Self – God – the Dreamgiver – is an everflowing source of wisdom, abundantly present in our dreams, which is given to be integrated into our lives and eventually shared with others. 

As a recent member of the Board, I am delighted to help prosper the work of the Nashville Jung Circle, bringing my experience as a dream mentor, a spiritual director, and a former English teacher.  Before I quite knew who Carl Jung was, my long ago high school students called me “Myth Huff” because of my enthusiasm for all things Jungian – myth, metaphor, fairy tale, and symbol.  Once I discovered Jungian-oriented dreamwork, it all came together.  The path led to certifications in Dreamwork and in Spiritual Direction through the Haden Institute and later, a masters degree in Psychology. "  Laura Huff Hileman

Laura Huff Hileman is a certificated Dream Consultant and Spiritual Director. She has taught dreamwork since 1999.  She holds Masters’ degrees in English and Psychology and has completed 2-year trainings in both Dream Mentorship and Spiritual Direction at The Haden Institute in North Carolina.

Laura facilitates group and individual dreamwork in Nashville, and she has taught at St. Mary’s at Sewanee, SoulFeast, Stillpoint, Kanuga Summer Dream Conference, Haden Institute, and the IASD International Conference. Laura is on the Board of the Nashville Jung Circle, through which she is initiating Community Dream Groups.

Nashville Jung Circle Newsletter - editor, Adele Tyler

Nashville Jung Circle February newsletter

1) Monday, February 5th, 6 - 8 pm
“Introduction to the psychology of Carl Jung"
 University School Evening Classes

2) Sunday, February 18th, 2:30 - 4:30 pm
"Interpretation of Fairy Tales”
Green Hills Library

3) Sunday, March 11th, 2:30-4:30 pm
Living an Examined Life book discussion
Green Hills Library

4) FRIDAY, APRIL 13th, 6:30 pm

5) SATURDAY, APRIL 14th, 8:30 am - 1 pm

Blakemore United Methodist Church

See details below
Monday, February 5th, 6 - 8 pm
“Introduction to the Psychology of Carl Jung”
presented by Adele Tyler, M.S.S.

 University School of Nashville

Nashville Jung Circle co-president Adele Tyler will present an introduction to the psychology of Carl Jung, as part of the University School Evening Classes.  
The class is designed for the layperson, with little or no previous knowledge of
Jung or psychology required.  Topics will include:

-Jungian concepts of introversion/extraversion, archetypes, the shadow, projection, synchronicity, and individuation

-the life of Jung, including his close but complicated relationship with Freud

-how Jung's theories have influenced culture in diverse ways, including literature, film, music, personality testing, and 12 Step groups

-how and why his work is relevant for people today

Monday, February 5, 2018
6:00 PM - 8:00 PM
Location: University School of Nashville
Fee: $27.00
To learn more and to register, go to

Sunday, February 18th, 2:30 - 4:30 pm
"Interpretation of Fairy Tales"

presented by Dr. Cynthia Candelaria, Ph.D
Green Hills LIbrary Meeting Room
3701 Benham Avenue
Free and open to the public

There are myths and fairy tales that help us to get in touch with our limitations and at the same time provoke us to stretch beyond our utmost limits.  Almost always these stories present the living duality of the nature of human existence:  that the qualities of our experiences point beyond what is known, or what can be known, and that no matter how much we know, we can never fully grasp the total nature of our lives.  Still we are called to evolve and to continue to make the effort to develop as human beings.  Fairy Tales are stories that hint at the on-going work of integrating the material world with the psychological and the spiritual.  

We will explore the Grimm’s fairy tale, “The Water of Life.” The story begins, like many others, with a requirement that must be met.  In this case, the water of life must be found to heal the old king; and three brothers must go out one at a time to perform this task.
(this story can be read online at http://www.authorama.com/grimms-fairy-tales-51.html)  

Cynthia A. Candelaria, EdD, LPC, is a Jungian Analyst in private practice in West Chester, Pennsylvania and teaches for the training seminar of the Philadelphia Association of Jungian Analysts and the IRSJA. A Nashville native, she received a doctorate in counseling and human development from Vanderbilt University. She has a deep appreciation of a good story, bountiful beauty, intriguing questions, explorations into the unknown, and the wonder of this world we live in.

Sunday, March 11th, 2:30 - 4:30 pm
Living an Examined Life by Dr. James Hollis, book discussion
Green Hills Library
3701 Benham Avenue
Free and open to the public

We will have an informal discussion of Dr. James Hollis’ new book, Living an Examined Life, which comes out February 1, 2018. As described on amazon.com:

An Invitation to Listen to Your Soul’s Calling
How do you define “growing up”? Does it mean you achieve certain cultural benchmarks—a steady income, paying taxes, marriage, and children? Or does it mean leaving behind the expectations of others and growing into the person you were meant to be? If you find yourself in a career, place, relationship, or crisis you never foresaw or that seems at odds with your beliefs about who you are, it means your soul is calling on you to reexamine your path.
With Living an Examined Life, James Hollis offers an essential guidebook for anyone at a crossroads in life. Here this acclaimed author guides you through 21 areas for self-inquiry and growth, challenging you to:
• Recover Personal Authority—how to stop living in response to the expectations placed on you
• Choose Meaning Over Happiness—why seeking truth instead of entertaining distractions ultimately leads to greater fulfillment
• Exorcise the Ghosts of the Past That Bind You—how the voices that haunt you can lead you to grow
• Bestow Love on the Unlovable Parts of You—recovering the guiding force concealed in your Shadow
• Construct a Mature Spirituality—the five essential elements of integrating meaning and mystery into your life
• Seize Permission to Be Who You Really Are—the challenge of fully showing up for your life
With his trademark eloquence and insight, Dr. Hollis offers Living an Examined Life to inspire you toward a life of personal authority, integrity, and fulfillment. “It is my hope that this book will be a tool to recover your respect for that which abides deeply within,” writes Dr. Hollis. “You will not be spared disappointment or suffering. But you can know the depth and dignity of an authentic journey, of being a real player in your time on this turning planet, and your life will become more interesting, taking you deeper than ever before.”

4) and 5):  NEW DATES:  Dr. James Hollis, Ph.D, April 13th and 14th

Noted Jungian writer/speaker, who had two sold-out events in Nashville in May, 2017, returns for a lecture and a half-day workshop.   Dr. Hollis is an internationally-known writer,speaker, and Jungian analyst in private practice in Washington, D.C. He is an author of fourteen books, including his newest book Living an Examined Life, which will be the subject of his Saturday workshop. 
Both events to be held at:
Blakemore Methodist Church
3601 West End Ave, Nashville, TN

For more information or registration, starting February 15th, go to

Friday, April 13th, 6:30 reception/registration;  7 pm lecture
“Living More Fully in the Shadow of Mortality”

Jung Circle members: $20; non-members $25; students $15

Jung observed that “Life is a short pause between two great mysteries.” That fact is not in dispute; what matters then, is how we live that pause. E. M. Forster observed that the two who could most illumine us, the corpse and the baby, are not talking. Given that mortality frames our journey, how might we live it more fully, not defined by fear, morbidity, and denial? What attitudes and practices allow us to live more fully? And what psychological maturation bring us to experience this short pause as rich with meaning?

Saturday, April 14th:  8:30 am registration, 9 am - 1 pm workshop
“Living the Examined Life: Steps to the Recovery of a Personal Journey”

Jung Circle members: $50; non-members $40; students $25

Tiny, dependent, and at the mercy of the world around us, we all have to adapt, adjust, bury, deny, split-off and repress, and thereby lose contact with our own sovereignty and natural source of guidance. The core project of the second half of life is the recovery of that source. This program/workshop will focus on twenty-one steps we may take toward the recovery of our personal journey.

Jame Hollis, Ph.D.,is a Zurich trained Jungian Analyst with a practice in Washington, D.C., where he is Executive Director of the Jung Society of Washington.   He is also author of fifteen books, including  the February 1st, 2018 release Living an Examined Life



"My life has been permeated and held together
by one idea and one goal:namely,to penetrate
the secret of the personality." 

"My life is what I have done, my scientific work;
the one is inseparable from the other. 
The work is the expression of my inner development."

"All my writings...were things that assailed me from within myself.  I permitted the spirit that moved me to speak out."

quotes from Memories,Dreams, Reflections

Nashville Jung Circle Newsletter                 Editor, Adele Tyler

for more information, email to:  info@nashvillejungcircle.org



Article on Psychological Types and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Upcoming Events
Jung in his Own Words

Adele Tyler, M.S.S.
Sunday, November 19, 2017
2:30 - 4:40 pm
Green Hills Library Meeting Room
3701 Benham Avenue

Many people are familiar with the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) but fewer understand Jung's theories upon which this famous personality indicator is based.  Please join us as certified MBTI consultant Adele Tyler discusses Jung's book Psychological Types and its relation to the MBTI. Tyler will also compare the MBTI with other personality systems like the enneagram and discuss how these concepts might be put to good use in one's personal and professional life.
.   .   .
 Historical Perspective on Jung's Psychological Types    
One of Jung's earliest works was Psychological Types, published in 1921 and in English in 1923.  The theories he developed in this book germinated during his years (1912-1917) of personal reflection and exploration of his own unconscious following his break with Freud.  In Jung's memoir Memories, Dreams, and Reflections he looks back on this period in his life:

"I can say that I never lost touch with my initial experiences.  All my works, all my creative activity, has come from those initial fantasies and dreams which began in 1912, almost fifty years ago.  Everything that I accomplished in later life was already contained in them...The years when I was pursuing my inner images were the most important in my life - in them everything essential was decided.  It all began then;  the later details are only supplements and clarifications of the material that burst forth from the unconscious, and at first swamped me.  It was the prima materia for a lifetime's work." (p. 192 and p.199)

After years of little writing or research, this "fallow period" came to an end with his return to writing, in 1918, when he began work on Psychological Types.  As to his motive for researching and writing about different personality types, Jung said:

"This work sprang originally from my need to define the ways in which my outlook differed from Freud's and Adler's.  In attempting to answer this question, I came across the problem of types; for it is one's psychological type which from the outset determines and limits a person's judgment.   My book, therefore, was an effort to deal with the relationship of the individual to the world, to people and things.  It discussed the various aspects of consciousness, the various attitudes the conscious mind might take toward the world, and thus constitutes a psychology of consciousness regarded from what might be called a clinical angle...The book on types yielded the insight that every judgment made by an individual is conditioned by his personality type and that every point of view is necessarily relative." (Memories, Dreams, Reflections, pp.206-207).

Jung first delineated two basic types, or attitudes, which he called extraversion and introversion:

"I have long been struck by the fact that besides the many individual differences in human psychology there are also typical differences.  Two types especially become clear to me; I have termed them the introverted and the extraverted types. . . the fate of one individual is determined more by the objects of his interest, while in another it is determined more by his own inner self, by the subject." (Psychological Types, Introduction, p. 3).

In other words, the extraverted attitude is focused more on the outer world, which Jung called the object, and the introverted attitude is turned inward, toward the inner self, or subject.  He said that these two types were found in all societies, distributed at random, with no correlation with class, gender, or any other factor.  He theorized that this type difference "must have some kind of biological foundation," (Ibid,p. 331), an idea being validated by neuroscientists today.

Jung concluded that Freud's psychology was based on an orientation to the outer world  (object) and the repression of wishes in relation to one’s environment  and was therefore an extraverted psychology;  whereas Adler's psychology was based in the theory of ego and the superiority of the subject (inner world) and was therefore introverted.  This helped him explain the conflict between these two schools of psychology.

Jung went on to describe four "functions," two of which concern how a person uses the mind to perceive, or take in information (sensing and intuition); and two functions to judge, or make decisions, about that information (thinking and feeling).  In Psychological Types he discusses how each of the four functions is used in either an extraverted or introverted attitude, which makes a total of eight functions.  This eight function approach has gained in favor in recent years through the work of John Beebe.

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was developed by the mother/daughter team of Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers, who developed a questionnaire based on  Jung's theories of type.  The questionnaire was first used during the World War II years as part of the war effort, to help people (particularly women entering the workforce for the first time) decide what jobs they were best suited for. To Jung’s original three categories, Briggs and Myers added the category of judging/perceiving to show whether a person’s dominant function was a Perceiving function or a Judging Function.

  • Extraversion/Introversion (Attitudes)                 E or I
  • Sensing/Intuition (the Perceiving Functions)     S or N
  • Thinking/Feeling (the Judging Functions)          T or F
  • Judging/Perceiving (Attitudes)                            J or P

The MBTI became the most widely used personality test in the world and is used extensively in the fields of career counseling, education, and individual and family counseling.  This is but one example of how Jung's theories have been popularized, if sometimes misused and misunderstood.  Before the MBTI was developed, Jung himself was critical of how his theories on personality had begun to be used in a simplistic manner, saying in a forward to the 1934 edition of his book:

"the opinion has got about that my method of treatment consists in fitting patients into this system and giving them corresponding 'advice.'  This regrettable misunderstanding completely ignores the fact that this kind of classification is nothing but a childish parlor game . . . My typology is far rather a critical apparatus serving to sort out and organize the welter of empirical material, but not in any sense to stick labels on people at first sight." (Psychological Types, Forward to Argentine Edition, 1934).

The MBTI and Jung’s theories behind it are valuable tools to enhance self-knowledge and relationships of all kinds.  But using these tools is more an art than a science, and we would do well to heed Jung’s advice that we view his ideas on personality type as theories that enrich our understanding of ourselves and others in a general way   Tests like the MBTI offer clues, rather than facts, as to our personal preferences for relating to the world and using our mental faculties, and these categories of behaviors can never explain the totality of any individual.
Adele Tyler


Sunday, November 19
"Psychological Types and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator"
2:30 - 4:30 pm
Green Hills Library
(for details see article above)

Sunday, January 14, 2018
Membership Open House

Social gathering for members, with food, drink, and conversation! Invitations will be sent in  December, with instructions on joining or renewing membership by paying 2018 membership dues in order to attend  
. . .
Sunday, February 18th, 2-4 pm
Green Hills Library

Dr. Cynthia Candelaria, Jungian analyst from Philadelphia, will present a talk on fairy tales.
 . . .
 Friday, April 6th and Saturday, April 7th -
Location TBA
Dr. James Hollis returns for a lecture, "Living More Fully in the Presence of Mortality" on Friday night and a Saturday workshop, "Living the Examined Life: Tasks for the Second Half of Life."

Jung in His Own Words

“Everything that irritates us about others
can lead us to an understanding of ourselves.”
“I am not what happened to me, I am what I choose to become.”



Please join us for monthly events this fall,
all to be held at
the Green Hills Library meeting room
3701 Benham Ave, Nashville, TN 37215

These events are free and open to the public.

Sunday, September 3rd, 2-4 pm:  Owning Your Own Shadow Book Discussion
As a follow-up to the May James Hollis workshop on the shadow, there will be a discussion of Owning Your Own Shadow, by noted Jungian writer Robert Johnson.  This book, a classic in Jungian psychology, is a quick and easy read but full of wisdom on recognizing and working with the personal shadow.  In addition, there will be Hollis' questions for reflection.  Led by Gretchen Watts and Michael Whitney. 

Sunday, October 8th, 2-4pm:   Learning to Communicate with Your Dreams.
Every morning dreams offer us wisdom and guidance.   If we want to receive these precious gifts, we must learn to speak the language of dreams: a language of symbol and metaphor.  In thisworkshop participants will work with one of their own dreams to bring its messages to light.  Please bring a dream, adrawing book, a box of colored markers or crayons, and a pen.
Led by Linda Odom.

Sunday, November 19th, 2-4 pm:  Jung's Psychological Types and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Many people are familiar with the MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) without knowing Jung's theories that this famous personality indicator is based on.  Certified MBTI consultant Adele Tyler will discuss Jung's 1923 book Psychological Types, the MBTI,  and how these theories might be put to use in one's personal and professional life. 


We are excited to announce two events planned for early 2018
Sunday, February 18th, 2-4 pm - Dr. Cynthia Candelaria, Jungian analyst from Philadelphia, will present a talk on fairy tales.
 Friday, April 6th and Saturday, April 7th -  Dr. James Hollis returns for a lecture, "Living More Fully in the Presence of Mortality" on Friday night and a Saturdayworkshop, "Living the Examined Life: Tasks for the Second Half of Life."



What is "depth psychology," and how does it differ from other forms of psychological theory and practice? And, how can depth psychology recover a sense of purpose, greater dignity of soul, and revitalized personal authority?

This recent video by Dr. James Hollis is a short and helpful explanation of the field of depth psychology, founded by Jung, Freud, and others.



Most of us have not had the opportunity to study Jung’s work in an academic setting, for courses on Jung are few, far between, and/or expensive, like the renowned programs at the Pacifica Graduate Institute in California.  But there are many opportunities to learn about Jungian psychology available online, some for free or a small charge, including the two highlighted below, which offer an online community as well as education.   

http://ashevillejungcenter.org/           From the website home page: 
Welcome to the Asheville Jung Center
We began the center in 2008 with a simple video lecture by Dr. Murray Stein between Asheville, North Carolina and Zürich, Switzerland. Many other renowned Jungian analysts have presented seminars as well. These talks are routinely watched live from dozens of countries and include opportunities to speak directly with the presenters. Recorded versions are available, usually within days of the talk as well as transcripts, DVDs and continuing education certificates. You can even join our subscription service, JUNGFLIX, and watch an unlimited number of videos for a modest monthly price. 

http://www.depthpsychologyalliance.com/                From the website:
 Depth Psychology Alliance is an online community for everyone interested in Depth and Jungian Psychology. Find global discussions, events, blogs, videos, study groups, and more.   A hub for "all things Depth Psychology," with over 4900 members, Depth Psychology Alliance is FREE to join. Simply sign UP or sign IN to comment or post. 


Gayle Prillaman, Ed. S., has an undergraduate degree in psychology from the University of TN, a master’s degree in Special Education for the Blind and Early Childhood from the University of Virginia, and an Ed. S. in Psychology and Human Development from Vanderbilt University. She retired six years ago after teaching the Blind and Visually Impaired for thirty eight years as well as training teachers at the university level. Over the span of her career she taught in Virginia, upstate New York, Arizona, and Tennessee.  She has been married to her husband for 36 years and they have two adult children. Gayle completed the two-year Dream Leader program at the Haden Institute in December 2016. She facilitated a Dream Group at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Franklin, TN from 2006-2016. She currently serves as Secretary of the Nashville Jung Circle.

My curiosity about about what motivates human behavior began in childhood as a result of being a part of two large extended families in a small town in Virginia. So many relatives and strong personalities in a confined location made for interesting observations about human behavior.  My interest in spiritual matters developed early as well, but was not satisfied by the Southern Baptist traditions I encountered in the 1960’s. College psychology courses in behavioral psychology were disappointing, so I turned to the study of cross cultural spiritual traditions and philosophy to help me frame and make meaning from my own experiences. I have also taken advantage of any opportunity to travel over the years. I have been particularly influenced by my time living in southern Arizona and working on numerous Native American reservations as well as the deeply spiritual experience of living in the southwestern desert. I learned in my early 30’s that the desert was/is my spiritual “home” and began to understand the Native American concept of sacred places at a personal level. When life circumstances required leaving Arizona and moving back to urban middle TN, I began seeing a spiritual director and was introduced to Carl Jung directly through dream work as part of my own spiritual direction and inner work. Working with my own dreamswas a revelation to me! Prior to this I only knew of Jung through books, not through the direct experience of working with my own dreams. The wisdom of dreams continues to guide and accompany me along my life’s path. I consider dream work my most important spiritual discipline. I refer to over twenty years of dream journals;  they never disappoint when I look back for patterns or specific images that continue to offer insight, balance, and wisdom for my individuation journey. Now that I am retired, I am claiming time to explore creative expression of latent energies and interests through metal work and jewelry design, quilting, photography, water color and pastels, and poetry. I have studied the Enneagram during the past three years and find it a very rich source for inner work. I am increasingly drawn to spend as much time as possible in the deep quiet of wilderness areas and in my garden. For many years I have had to travel to attend Jungian conferences and workshops, so I am thrilled to be a part of our own Nashville Jung Circle. This is a very important offering to our middle TN community.



We are  pleased that the Nashville Jung Circle is hosting noted Jungian author, speaker, and analyst Dr. James Hollis here in Nashville the weekend of May 12th and 13th.  Both events will be held at Christ Church Cathedral, 900 Broadway, Nashville, TN, 37203.

“Hauntings:  Dispelling the Ghosts Who Run Our Lives”
Friday, May 12th
Christ Church Cathedral
6:30 reception, 7 p.m. lecture 

Price: $15 members, $20 non-members
Pay at the door – no advance registration

Understanding how the voices of parents, ancestors, and the culture shaped our personalities and continue to “haunt” our present lives, in order to gain more consciousness and personal freedom.  Based on Hollis’ book Hauntings. 

“Why Good People Do Bad Things: Understanding our Darker Selves”
Saturday, May 13th
Workshop 8 am – Noon
Price:  $35 members, $40 non-members
Seating is limited, so advance registration is required.  

Through lecture, experiential exercises, and discussion Dr. Hollis will help us understand Jung’s concept of the shadow. Topics include how projection of unconscious shadow material causes injury to self and others, on a personal as well as societal level, and how we might work to make conscious and integrate our shadow aspects.

Please register by mailing the registration form and a check, made out to Nashville Jung Circle, along with your name, email address, phone number, and amount enclosed, to: 

Nashville Jung Circle
c/o Adele Tyler
P.O. Box 121227
Nashville, TN 37212

Reservations will be taken in the order received and confirmed after receiving your check.  After we receive your check, you will get an email confirmation of your reservation.  If there are no spaces left, your name will be added to the waiting list.  

Please email us at info@nashvillejungcircle.org if you have questions.  


We have launched a new website, at www.nashvillejungcircle.org, along with a new email address: info@nashvillejungcircle.org.  This website is a work in progress, with more information to be added in coming months.  You may visit to add a name to our free email list, read about upcoming events, learn more about the short history of group and board of directors, and become a member. 


We invite you to renew your membership to the Nashville Jung Circle or become a new member by paying your 2017 dues.  Membership benefits include discounts to ticketed events, like the Hollis lecture/workshop in May, as well an invitation to members-only social events twice a year.   Membership dues for 2017 are $25 for regular members and $15 for students and may be paid online, using paypal, in person at our next event, or by mailing your check to:

Nashville Jung Circle
110 30th Avenue North
Suite 1
Nashville, TN 37203


Past events have been wonderful opportunities to meet and visit with like-minded people in our Nashville Jungian community.  Our next members- only social gathering will be Sunday afternoon, June 4th.

Please join as a member or renew your membership for 2017,  by May15th to receive an invitation!  

2017 dues:   $25 regular membership, $15 students

In addition, donations are most appreciated, are tax deductible, and will help to grow the offerings of the Nashville Jung Circle

You may join and pay dues  and/or donations online, at www.nashvillejungcircle.org, or mail your name, address, email address, and phone number along with your check, made out to Nashville Jung Circle, to:

Attn: Nashville Jung Circle
110 30th Avenue North
Suite 1
Nashville, TN 37203

by Judi Draper

In preparation for our visit from noted author and Jungian Analyst, James Hollis, Ph.D.,  on May l2th and l3th, the Nashville Jung Circle has been hosting a series of free book discussion groups at the Green Hills Library Meeting Room.

On Feb. l9th, Adele Tyler, co-chair of the Nashville Jung Circle, led a well-organized discussion on Hollis' book Hauntings:  Dispelling the Ghosts Who Run Our Lives. In this work, Hollis guides us through an examination of the invisible forces that move through us and offers a way to understand them psychologically. He suggests we must examine and "go through" these energies within ourselves, although we often do not understand them.   This requires courage to be willing to go to unfamiliar places within.   On page 133:  "...We have to walk out into that abyss of the unknown and find that something supports us even when nothing supports us.  In continuing to undertake that risk there is more spiritual freedom, more amplitude of soul, than we could ever have imagined.   But, that is where we are meant to be, living not as fugitives, but as mariners on a tenebrous sea, going through to a richer place."

On March l9th, Dan Tyler (accomplished Nashville songwriter and long-time student of Jung) led the discussion of Under Saturn's Shadow:  The Wounding and Healing of Men.  In this book, Hollis identifies eight secrets men carry and offers seven strategies for healing. We were pleased to have so many in attendance, and especially men! There seemed to be a lot of energy for sharing, inquiry, and reflection.  We are aware that there was some expression of interest in a "follow up" for further discussion. If you are one of those who would like an opportunity for this, email info@nashvillejungcircle.org. We could help to organize such if there is sufficient interest. 

On April, 9th, again led by Adele Tyler, we discussed Hollis' book, Why Good People Do Bad Things.  In this work, Hollis suggests that the "Shadow" within our psyche contains aspects of which we are unaware. This can lead to a disparity between our professed or conscious values and our actual behaviors in everyday life. It important to note that contrary to popular myth, the Shadow contains favorable as well as unfavorable aspects that are reflected in personality. That which we do not know about ourselves could be considered "Shadow".  Hollis examines this dynamic both at individual and societal levels.  Again, there was much discussion and inquiry as we continue to support one another in our efforts toward deeper understanding.

Hollis' work is beautiful to read. His references to literature, clear insights, and reflections, informed by a lifetime of astute observation, enable him to describe so elegantly the struggles we all experience as we move toward more meaningful lives. Please find below an excerpt from Under Saturn's Shadow:   

 "...when individuals walk out from under the shadow of Saturn, when they reject collective expectations and seek their own path, then justice returns....But, each of us is obliged to find it, first in our own hearts, and then on the long road ahead."

Hollis ends the book with this poignant quote from Thomas McGrath, in “Epitaph”

"Traveller, you have come a long way led by that star.
But, the kingdom of the wish is at the other end of the night.
May you fair well companero; let us journey together joyfully
Living on catastrophe, eating the pure light."

We are looking forward to our third Hollis book discussion, led by Adele, on April 9th, his book Why Good People Do Bad Things: Understanding Our Darker Selves.  The "Shadow" within our psyche contains aspects of which we are unaware, which leads to a disparity between our professed or conscious values and our actual behaviors in everyday life. Hollis looks at this challenge at an individual level as well as a societal level. We look forward to another stimulating discussion as we inquire together and support one another in our efforts toward deeper understanding.

Dr. James Hollis
by Michael Whitney
The Nashville Jung Circle is pleased to be presenting Dr. James Hollis on May 12th and 13th. Author and analyst Hollis has a beautiful and powerful way of expressing the inner struggles most all of us go through in our life time.  As C. G. Jung said, “The great events of world history are, at bottom, profoundly unimportant. In the last analysis, the essential thing is the life of the individual.”* Finding wholeness through facing one’s own shadow isn’t easy work. Dr. Hollis provides a wonderful guide to the perplexed. Those attending will receive insight for their own inner challenges and struggles. James Hollis speaking live in Nashville will be an event not to miss.
From my own personal experience, during the production of the C.G. Jung Institute of Los Angeles’ Film Project, (1976-1980) and as the producer the feature length documentary, Matter of Heart, (1980 -1985), I find that Dr. James Hollis brings a currency of a contemporary insight into Jung’s work. I can tell you that Nashville is in for a real treat.
*C.G. Jung 1934  C.W. 10, para. 315

Board Member Spotlight: Adele Tyler


Adele Tyler

I began college in the late 1960’s planning to major in psychology, but the behaviorist-oriented department at my university, with its emphasis on lab experiments on rats, left me mystified.  I wanted to study people and had a rat phobia, so I soon transferred to the sociology and English departments, where I studied human group behavior along with the archetypal characters found in novels.  My interest in psychology never disappeared, though, and in 1991 a synchronistic encounter led me to Centerpoint, a program for the study of Jungian psychology.  After one meeting I was hooked and began two years of weekly sessions on Jung’s theories, thus finding my vocation of the past twenty-five years.

Since Jung is not taught in most colleges, one has to seek out opportunities to learn his theories, which I have done through retreats and workshops, including Journey Into Wholeness, a two-week class in Zurich, classes for Myers-Briggs certification, and archetype training with Carol Pearson.  These experiences, augmented by reading, have improved my life and expanded my perspective in ways I had not fully imagined but only longed for as a college freshman.

As much as I appreciated the opportunities to study Jung in other places, I wished for a group here in Nashville, where interested persons might come together for education and community.  I am happy to be involved in creating this new group, the Nashville Jung Circle, and hope it will offer others the meaningful experiences with Jung that I have benefitted from.

Adele Tyler, M.S.S., has a master’s degree in sociology from the University of Mississippi and life coach certification through the Hudson Institute of Santa Barbara. She has taught college sociology, done social work, and worked as a personal growth life coach and Myers-Briggs consultant with individuals, couples, and groups, in addition to working with her husband in the music business for over thirty years.  A board member of Journey Into Wholeness from 2005-2008, she has published articles on psychological types, introversion, and extraversion in the Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion.  She is currently serving as co-president of the Nashville Jung Circle.

Board Member Spotlight: Judith Draper, Ph.D., Clinical Psychologist

Judith Draper, Ph.D., Clinical Psychologist

As a psychologist, examining my own life as well as the lives of my clients, I am interested in how to promote movement toward  a more meaningful, authentic,  and more “whole” sense of oneself.  Toward this end, we usually face difficult challenges. How do I move through times of uncertainty and ambiguity?  If I am to become more “whole”, how do I embrace those parts of myself I have never known, or am reluctant to face (Jung’s term, .the “shadow”)?  How do I find meaning in the chaos (both within myself and in the world around me)?  Why bother at all?  Addressing these concerns, Jung’s work has been so helpful to me for many reasons…..especially in his vigorous support of the creative process,  and the fascinating power of imagination.  To me, such emphasis seems more useful than focusing solely on “pathology”.  Jung’s remarkable body of work is deeply compelling and offers a rare and rich source of nourishment for all of us interested in developing a more meaningful life.

For a few years, now, I have had the hope that a group would form in Nashville to study and share the ideas of Carl Jung.  I am delighted that this process has begun and I am so pleased to be involved with the Nashville Jung Circle to help bring more of these important perspectives into our community. This ongoing task  of developing a fuller consciousness can be exhiliarating….and can also be excruciating. To me, it is critically important to have companions in this process.  It is my hope that the Nashville Jung Circle can provide rich opportunities for many of us in Nashville to explore this path in community.

Board Member Spotlight: Gretchen Watts

Gretchen Watts

Gretchen Watts is a Certified Sandplay Therapist of the International Society of Sandplay Therapists whose domicile is in Zurich, Switzerland. She is a Jungian psychotherapist in Nashville, Tennessee. Her practice is equally divided between adults and children. Gretchen gives monthly Sandplay trainings, individual and group consultation sessions.

When I was around 11 years of age, I was walking home from school alone and momentarily experienced awe and wonder as the sun sparkled completely around and through a silver-leaf maple tree, giving the impression of spun silver. I stood in silence for a long time as I took in this visitation from the invisible, supernatural world and experienced a calm Presence.   Many years later I discovered the fantasy story of George MacDonald from the Witch and the Goblin which tells of a fairy godmother that weaves invisible silver threads to give to a young girl when in need.

When I was twenty-five, while riding on a Sunday night smoked-filled train between New York City and Washington, D. C., I experienced a fully- formed mandala image in my mind of a multi-colored fountain with a double border of navy and turquoise.  gretchen mandala.jpgOnly later I was to learn that the psyche produces mandalas forms when an individual needs support from the unconscious when feeling fragmented. I was greatly moved that there was a part of me that created itself without my having any control over it. It came to me again spontaneously, as a visitation ( of the numinous). I made a pastel colored drawing of it and have kept it close to me all these years. The image has come to mean to me that God is an eternal fountain which resides within my quiet heart as an “interior castle”.

Ten years later, after being “called” or drawn by symbols, myths, and religion, I made the decision to travel wherever it would require, to receive training in Jungian psychology. I chose Jungian Sandplay Therapy as my focus. Fortunately, as a young widow raising a young child, I was able to get my training here in the United States, although it did require many years of travel for my own sandplay process, clinical training, and on-going Jungian consultation.

Today, I understand the work of Jungian psychotherapy as an individual path to spirituality, grounded in personal experiences and lived through a psychological perspective.

Remembrances in an Election Year: An Historical Note in the Oral Tradition

Go back with me in time and imagine this young woman pictured in the photograph...

Jolande Jacobi with C.G. Jung

Jolande Jacobi with C.G. Jung

Jolande Jacobi with C.G. Jung who is now 81 years old. She was that age when she was my teacher at the Jung Institute. It is the Spring of 1972, and when she had finished her morning coffee, after having had the newspapers read to her in German, French, and English, she was making her way to teach her morning class to us English-speaking, matriculated auditors before she saw her analysands (clients) in the afternoon for analysis (therapy). She collapsed on the staircase and died of a massive heart attack.

She was Jolande Jacobi, and my fondest memory of her basic introductory class on Jung’s Analytical Psychology was one of her informal comments that for her a typical challenging response to us young American pilgrims, who by the dozens were making their way to the institute in Zurich to soak up all we could of things Jungian. Someone had asked her, what was a proper age to begin to vote? We in the USA at that time were deciding whether it should be age 18, since that was the age of drinking and of service in the military.

She did not hesitate but said, “35 years old because by then one is mature enough to make a wise decision about the leadership of the country.”

Dr. Jacobi had been responsible for founding the Jung Institute as the only extravert among Jung’s many women compatriots. She was a first generation Jungian analyst, an early student/friend of Jung. She would later write the chapter describing a typical Jungian analysis for Jung’s edited book, Man and His Symbols. She had reported to us that when in 1939 she had escaped Hungary and had come to Jung in Switzerland to study with him, he sent her back to her country to get her degree during the war as a Jewish woman.

When she brought him the dream in which she presented her head to him on a platter, he had commented: “Oh Jolande, you have lost your head and now you will be able to manage.”

I was privileged to have studied with this forceful woman and to have learned from her my basic approach and understanding of Jungian psychoanalysis. She modeled for me, a 35 year old Southern woman who was seeking to find my way, how age was not an impediment to making a contribution nor of continuing to model a vigorous and meaningful life as a extraverted feeling type.

I did not quote her in my recent articles (on "Jungian Psychoanalysis" and "Jungian Theory") for the Encyclopedia of Clinical and Abnormal Psychology, but I am indebted to her for her example, and inspiration, and the beginning formation for what is my Jungian orientation in my practice as a pastoral therapist and spiritual director.

The Rev. Dr. Donna Scott is a retired Episcopal priest with a degree in clinical/community psychology from Peabody College. She has been a clinical pastoral therapist for 40 years, working in various Episcopal Churches. She matriculated at the Jung Institute in 1971-72 and wrote an article with her first husband, Charles Scott, which introduced the Yearbooks of the Eranos Conferences, an interdisciplinary institute for East/West studies focused on Jung’s work.

She was a founding director of Stillpoint Programs in Spiritual Direction and Contemplative Prayer and practiced as a spiritual director for 10 years and taught ministry and spirituality as an adjunct faculty at Vanderbilt Divinity School.

She has three children and seven grandchildren and is now married to John Eley, who has his PhD in political science. They have recently lead our first study group on Jung and Neuroscience.

Board Member Spotlight: Linda Odom PhD, Clinical Psychologist

Linda Odom, PhD.


None of us grow up in perfect circumstances. We all experience hurt and disappointment. Some of us experience neglect, abuse, profound loss, or abandonment. We respond to pain by taking on distorted beliefs about ourselves and about relationships. And we develop coping strategies to protect ourselves from future pain.

These strategies, taken into our adult lives, can actually become a source of pain. They keep us from connecting deeply to ourselves and to others. Jungian Analyst Donald Kalsched has said, “…an unconscious “vow” (is sometimes) made deep within the psyche of the trauma survivor, never to allow the lost heart of the self into relationship again.”

Bringing these painful experiences, these distorted beliefs, and these old coping strategies into the light makes change possible. It can open a door to healing and to a new, more fulfilling way of living.

I am a clinical psychologist in private practice in Nashville, Tennessee.  The focus of my work is on deep healing – within an individual, between individuals, and between individuals and whatever nurtures and sustains them spiritually.  I bring to this work a deep appreciation for Twelve-Step recovery, a background in Jungian psychology, training in EMDR (Levels I and II), and a preference for experiential forms of therapy with individuals, couples and groups.

I have a special interest in dreamwork and conduct classes and workshops in which I teach people how to access their own inner wisdom and guidance by dialoging with their dreams.  I have also conducted experiential dreamwork groups in which dreams are explored through role-play, drawing, and expressive writing. I also offer experiential couple’s intensives and experiential groups focused on the healing of shame.

I received my M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in psychology from Peabody College of Vanderbilt University and completed my undergraduate work at Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  I had the privilege of serving as a past co-chair of the Nashville Psychotherapy Institute.  Currently, I am excited to be a founding board member of the Nashville Jung Circle.

Q&A with “Matter of Heart” film producer, Michael Whitney

Tuesday, Nov. 17th at 7:15 p.m., Nashville Jung Circle presents the critically acclaimed documentary, “Matter of Heart” at the Belcourt Theatre in Nashville. There will be a Q&A following the film with Jung Circle Board Member and the film’s producer, Michael Whitney. Here are a few of Michael’s comments about one aspect of the film, join us for this heart expanding and deeply moving film. More information on the film can be found here at Kino Lorber. Visit www.nashvillejungcircle.com for more information on the Jung Circle and the presentation of the film.

Question:  Jung had an intense mid-life period of confusion and psychic unrest that he viewed as a learning experience in some ways. Can we learn from such episodes in our own lives?

Michael: Yes!  That is the core message of MOH.  A repeated theme is to not turn away from our inner struggles.  Often we think a problem is outside of us (Jungian’s call this projection). We are best to look in the mirror and realize the problem may be internal (Von Franz calls this a taking back of a projection or recollection).  Von Franz urges that we learn that the very times we want to turn away, instead we take care not to loose the opportunity to work on ourselves.  The inner material loaded with negative valence is the stuff we need to pay attention to. She refers it to ‘a dog nosing around in the trash’. The good news is that we can do inner work to change ourselves. We can’t change others, they have to make their own internal changes.

Most everyone interviewed in MOH discusses how their own personal struggles led them to a deeper understanding of themselves. Many interviewed started as patients and later went on to medical school (often with Jung’s urging them to).

For me, this inner struggle is the essence of MOH and Jung’s work.  In our own period of time (2015) when we are past “mutual assured destruction” of a United States and Soviet detente, we may actually at more dangerous time as our own inner destructive capacities are unleashed.  Jung called for individuation – a process of inner struggle to become more psychologically mature individuals with a deeper respect for others who are different than us.  As Jung stated of a young women in therapy who making progress with her maturation…”the acorn can become an oak, and not a donkey.”

Jung (1957) states: “The world hangs on a thin thread, and that is the psyche of man.”
Another reason we created MOH was to bring the topic of Jung’s relationship to Toni Wolff to light.  Toni Wolfe helped Jung and was accepted by Emma Jung in a relationship that lasted 40 years.  There is a picture of Toni and Emma together in this section of the film.  It was an open relationship that was not hidden and it also wasn’t widely talked about within the Jungian community. Liliane Frey states “without Toni Wolff he couldn’t have made it because she has brakes in a way, and she was stopping him always when he had a temperament where he was losing himself completely and without boundaries.  And Toni Wolff stopped him and always brought hem back to reality, and that was tremendously important to Jung.”

At the opening screening of MOH in Zurich to the Jungian community and Jung’s family, we (the production crew) were afraid the family would sue us for bringing such a focus on Toni Wolff to light.  Quite the contrary Franz Jung learned back in laughter during the screening.

The period in Jung’s internal struggle is recorded in the Red Book (his private journal). Recently in Nashville, Rev. Donna Scott has brought a new insight into the depth of Jung’s work that he recorded in the Red Book.  At the time of our production, Red Book was a taboo topic and we have learned a lot following the Jung family decision to publish the Red Book in the last few years.

The Red Book of C.G. Jung: Holy Grail of the Unconscious- a follow up conversation

We heard from many who attended our inaugural lecture by the Rev. Donna Scott on May 13, 2015 at West Nashville UMC that you would like to participate in a follow up discussion based on the lecture. Donna will be leading a conversation around the Red Book and the basic topics of the lecture on Wed., Aug 12th from 6:30 – 8:30 p.m. at West Nashville UMC, 4710 Charlotte Ave. If you would like to attend this event, please rsvp to the following email address no later than Mon., Aug. 10th, nashvillejungcircle@gmail.com. We will also have cd’s available for purchase of the audio from the lecture at the August 12th gathering, it will also be available for digital download in August as well. Be sure to sign up for the monthly e newsletter to receive information about upcoming events and opportunities by clicking the link in the right column of this site.